Temperature anomaly (deviations from the 1901-1960 average, F) for annual (black), winter (blue), spring (green), summer (red), and fall (orange), for the northern (solid lines) and southern (dashed lines) U.S. Great Plains. Dashed lines indicate the best fit by minimizing the chi-square error statistic. Based on a new gridded version of COOP data from the National Climatic Data Center, the CDDv2 data set (R. Vose, personal communication, July 27, 2012). Note that the annual time series is on a unique scale. Trends are upward and statistically significant annually and for all seasons, except summer and fall for the southern Great Plains.